MiR-506 targets polypyrimidine tract-binding protein 1 to inhibit airway inflammatory response and remodeling via mediating Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway

Main Article Content

Yuxiang Cai
Jifeng Tian
Yufei Su
Xiaolan Shi


airway smooth -muscle cells, childhood asthma, miR-506, PTBP1, Wnt/β-catenin


Background: Airway remodeling, which contributes to the clinical course of childhood asthma, occurs due to airway inflammation and is featured by anomalous biological behaviors of airway smooth muscle cells (ASMCs). microRNA (miRNA) plays an essential role in the etiopathogenesis of asthma.

Objective: This research was aimed to characterize miR-506 in asthma and uncover potential regulatory machinery.

Material and methods: The asthmatic cell model was established by treating ASMCs with transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-β1) and assessed by the levels of interleukin (IL)-1β and interferon gamma (IFN-γ). Using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction, mRNA expression of miR-506 and polypyrimidine tract-binding protein 1 (PTBP1) was measured. Cell counting kit-8 and Transwell migration tests were used for estimating the capacity of ASMCs to proliferate and migrate. Luciferase reporter assay was used to corroborate whether miR-506 was directly bound to PTBP1. Expression of PTBP1, collagen I and III, and essential proteins of the wingless-related integration (Wnt)/β-catenin pathway (β-catenin, c-MYC and cyclin D1) was accomplished by Western blot analysis. The involvement of Wnt/β-catenin signaling in asthma was confirmed by Wnt signaling pathway inhibitor (IWR-1).

Results: miR-506 was poorly expressed in asthmatic tissues and cell model. Functionally, overexpression of miR-506 reduced aberrant proliferation, migration, inflammation and collagen deposition of ASMCs triggered by TGF-β1. Mechanically, miR-506 directly targeted the 3’ untranslated region (3-UTR) of PTBP1 and had a negative regulation on PTBP1 expression. Moreover, overexpression of miR-506 suppressed the induction of Wnt/β-catenin pathway. The administration of IWR-1 further validated negative correlation between miR-506 and the Wnt/β-catenin pathway in asthma.

Conclusion: Our data indicated that targeting miR-506/PTBP1/Wnt/β-catenin axis might point in a helpful direction for treating asthma in children.

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