METTL3 promotes inflammation and cell apoptosis in a pediatric pneumonia model by regulating EZH2

Main Article Content

Ying Yang
Xiaoqing Yang
Yi Wu
Meijiao Fu


EZH2, JAK2, METTL3, pediatric pneumonia, STAT


Background: In recent times, the medical science has developed by leaps and bounds, however, the molecular mechanism of pediatric pneumonia is still unclear. Although prior researches have shown that methyltransferase-like 3 (METTL3) is up-regulated in a variety of inflammatory diseases, its role and mechanism has been rarely studied in pediatric pneumonia, and need to be defined elaborately.

Objective: In this study, the related molecular mechanism of METTL3 on inflammation and cell apoptosis in a pediatric pneumonia was investigated.

Materials and methods: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and western blot assays were employed to examine the mRNA and protein expression level of METTL3 and EZH2 in peripheral blood monocytes from pediatric pneumonia patients or cell model (WI-38). Then, qPCR and ELISA assay were applied to verify the inflammatory response in LPS-treated WI-38 cell lines after knockdown of METTL3. Besides, MTT cell viability assays, flow cytometry, and western blot assays were applied to examine the cell viability and cell apoptosis of LPS-treated WI-38 cell after knockdown of METTL3. Further, the western blot assays were employed to examine the protein expression levels of p-JAK2, JAK2, p-STAT3, STAT3, and EZH2 in LPS-treated WI-38 cell after knockdown of METTL3. Finally, ELISA and western blot were applied to verify the inflammatory response and cell apoptosis of LPS-treated WI-38 cell after knockdown of METTL3 and overexpression of EZH2.

Results: In this study, the results showed that METTL3 and EZH2 were highly expressed in pediatric pneumonia patients and cell models (WI-38), respectively. Besides, downregulation of METTL3 inhibited LPS-induced inflammatory response and cell apoptosis. Then, the fact that METTL3 regulates the JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway through EZH was proved. Furthermore, downregulation of METTL3 inhibits inflammation and apoptosis through EZH2.

Conclusion: This study found that METTL3 promotes inflammation and cell apoptosis in a pediatric pneumonia model by regulating EZH2.

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