Laboratory screening test with inhalant and food allergens in atopic Brazilian children and adolescents: a performance

Main Article Content

Ana Carolina Rozalem Reali
Felipe Faria Pierotti
Carolina Sanchez Aranda Lago
Renata Rodrigues Cocco
Emanuel S Cavalcanti Sarinho
Flávio Sano
Arnaldo Porto Neto
Nelson A Rosário
Herberto J Chong Neto
Ekaterini Simões Goudouris
Lilian Sanches Moraes
Neusa Falbo Wandalsen
Antônio Carlos Pastorino
Jackeline Motta Franco
Maria Letícia Chavarria
Magnus P Borres
Dirceu Solé

Keywords

child, hypersensitivity, immunoglobulin E, allergens, Phadiatop infant

Abstract

The Phadiatop Infant® (PhInf) is a panel developed to assess allergic sensitization (immunoglobulin E [IgE]) in children aged <5 years and combines inhalant and food allergens. The test has not been evaluated outside Europe. This is a cross-sectional study conducted at 11 pediatric allergy centers to evaluate PhInf as an allergic disease screening method in Brazilian children. Children as controls and patients (aged 6 months–18 years) were grouped according to their primary disease and age group. PhInf and specific serum IgE (sIgE) screening was performed for Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (DP), cat and dog epithelia, a mix of grasses and pollens, eggs, cow’s milk, peanuts, and shrimp. Values ≥ 0.35 kUA/L (or PAU/L) were considered positive. A total of 470 children and adolescents, which included 385 patients and 85 controls, participated in the study (47.7% boys, average age: 6.3 years). In all, 72.6% of the participants had positive PhInf test (n = 341), with a higher proportion of those having food allergy (92.6%), atopic dermatitis (91.9%), and those aged >13 years having allergy (95%). The PhInf and sIgE agreement between patients (Kappa = 0.94, P < 0.001) and controls (Kappa = 0.84, P < 0.001) was high. PhInf and DP agreement in patients aged >13 years was excellent (Kappa = 0.936, P < 0.001). Compared with sIgE dosage, PhInf had high sensitivity (97%) and specificity (93%). Positivity of PhInf test in this population was high and had an excellent correlation with the allergens comprising the panel. It is a useful method for screening children suspected of having allergic diseases in a non-European country.

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