6'-O-galloylpaeoniflorin alleviates inflammation and oxidative stress in pediatric pneumonia through activating Nrf2 activation

Main Article Content

Cheng Xu
Lei Song
Weiyan Zhang
Rong Zou
Meijun Zhu


LPS, Nrf2, oxidative stress, pediatric pneumonia, 6'-o-galloylpaeoniflorin (GPF)


Objective: To assess the therapeutic effect and mechanism of 6'-o-galloylpaeoniflorin (GPF) in pediatric pneumonia.

Methods: The effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and GPF on cell viability and apoptosis were examined by cell counting kit-8 assay and flow cytometry analysis. The oxidative stress and inflammatory response were assessed by detecting expression levels of superoxide dismutase, glutathione, r-glutamyl cysteingl+glycine, myeloperoxidase, and malondialdehyde as well as tumor necrosis factor-α, Interleukin-18, and Interleukin-10 by using enzyme-linked-immunosorbent serologic assay. Moreover, the activation of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) pathway was detected by immunoblot assay, and the influence of Nrf2-knockdown on cell viability, oxidative stress, and inflammation response was also investigated.

Results: The results established that GPF increased the viability of LPS-induced pneumonia cells. In addition, GPF reduced LPS-induced oxidative stress in pneumonia cells. It was further discovered that GPF reduced LPS-induced inflammation in pneumonic cell. GPF improved the activity of Nrf2 in LPS-treated pneumonic cells, and therefore alleviated inflammation and oxidative stress in pediatric pneumonia.

Conclusion: GPF could serve as a promising drug for treating pediatric pneumonia.

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