Main Article Content
hematology, immunodeficiency, immunology, multidisciplinary, oncology, pediatric
Introduction: Immunologic and hemato-oncologic disorders in the pediatric population represent an interrelated and complex group of conditions whose approach, diagnosis, and management could be difficult. Multidisciplinary teams have been proved beneficial in treating such complexities.
Methods: We conducted a retrospective observational study at a tertiary hospital in Madrid, Spain, which is a pediatric immunology and onco-hematology referral center. We included all patients of multidisciplinary outpatient consultation, comprising a working group of pediatric oncohematologists and immunologists, between April 2016 and December 2019. Epidemiologic, clinical, and laboratory data were collected. We analyzed these data and established a relationship between age and findings of final diagnosis as well as variance on diagnoses prior to their multidisciplinary assessment and number of visits to the consultation.
Results: In all, 93 children and adolescents were included in this study. Laboratory abnormalities were the most frequent reason for being referred to our unit (87.2%); 78% of children had a previously diagnosed comorbidity. Before starting follow-up in the multidisciplinary consultation, 14% of patients were diagnosed, and after the study by the multidisciplinary team, the final diagnosis was reached in 58.1% of patients. No correlation was discovered between final diagnosis and gender (P = 0.29), age (biserial correlation coefficient, r = 0.036, P = 0.70), and number of visits (P = 0.07).
Conclusion: A multidisciplinary approach to immunologic, hematologic, and oncologic pediatric diseases is feasible. It can be a powerful and useful tool for diagnosis and treatment, especially in complex pediatric patients.
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