Overexpression of USP8 inhibits inflammation and ferroptosis in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease by regulating the OTUB1/SLC7A11 signaling pathway

Main Article Content

Lu Liu
Yu Zhang
Di Xu
Dan Zhu
Ying Zhou
Zhihai Chen
Xiufeng Huang

Keywords

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, ferroptosis, OTUB1/SLC7A11 pathway, USP8

Abstract

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a familiar disease, and owns high morbidity and mortality, which critically damages the health of patients. Ubiquitin-specific peptidase 8 (USP8) is a pivotal protein to join in the regulation of some diseases. In a previous report, it was determined that USP8 expression is down-regulated in LPS-treated BEAS-2B cells, and USP8 restrains inflammatory response and accelerates cell viability. However, the regulatory roles of USP8 on ferroptosis in COPD are rarely reported, and the associated molecular mechanisms keep vague.


Objective: To investigate the regulatory functions of USP8 in COPD progression.


Material and Methods: The lung functions were measured through the Buxco Fine Pointe Series Whole Body Plethysmography (WBP). The Fe level was tested through the Fe assay kit. The protein expressions were assessed through western blot. The levels of tumor necrosis -factor-α, interleukin 6, and interleukin 8 were evaluated through enzyme-linked immunosorbent serologic assay. Cell viability was tested through CCK-8 assay.


Results: In this work, it was discovered that overexpression of USP8 improved lung function in COPD mice. In addition, overexpression of USP8 repressed ferroptosis by regulating glutathione peroxidase 4 and acyl-CoA synthetase long-chain family 4 expressions in COPD mice. Overexpression of USP8 suppressed inflammation in COPD mice. Furthermore, overexpression of USP8 suppressed ferroptosis in COPD cell model. At last, it was verified that overexpression of USP8 accelerated ubiquitin aldehyde-binding protein 1 (OTUB1)/solute carrier family 7 member 11 (SLC7A11) pathway.


Conclusion: This study manifested that overexpression of USP8 restrained inflammation and ferroptosis in COPD by regulating the OTUB1/SLC7A11 signaling pathway. This discovery hinted that USP8 could be a potential target for COPD treatment.

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