A real-life ImmunoCAT study: impact of molecular diagnosis through ImmunoCAPTM ISAC 112 on immunotherapy prescription in pollen-polysensitized patients in Catalonia, Spain

Main Article Content

Teresa Garriga-Baraut
Moises Labrador-Horrillo
Mercé Tena
Concepción De Linares
Olga Esteso-Hontoria
Carlos Pedemonte
Maria Basagaña-Torrento
Sira Miquel
Clara Padró-Casas
Núria Campa-Falcon
Laia Ferré-Ybarz
Vanessa Gázquez-Garcia
Rosa Muñoz-Cano
Marta Viñas
Lidia Farrarons
Miquel Baltasar-Dragó
Núria Cortés
Oscar Asensio
Joan Bartra
Jordina Belmonte
Irina Bobolea
Esperanza Raga
Mar San Miguel Moncín

Keywords

Asthma, pediatric, adolescent, change, immunotherapy, molecular diagnosis, personalized medicine, pollen polysensitized patients, rhinitis, rhinoconjunctivitis

Abstract

Background: Molecular diagnosis in allergology helps to identify multiple allergenic molecules simultaneously. The use of purified and/or recombinant allergens increases the accuracy of individual sensitization profiles in allergic patients.


Objective: To assess the impact of molecular diagnosis through the ImmunoCAPTM ISAC 112 microarray on etiological diagnosis and specific immunotherapy (SIT) prescription. This was compared to the use of conventional diagnoses in pediatric, adolescent, and young adult patients with rhinitis or rhinoconjunctivitis and/or allergic asthma, sensitized to three or more pollen allergens of different botanical species.


Methods: A multicenter, prospective, observational study was conducted in patients aged 3–25 years who received care at the Allergology service of 14 hospitals in Catalonia from 2017 to 2020. Allergology diagnosis was established based on the patient’s clinical assessment and the results of the skin prick test and specific immunoglobulin E assays. Subsequently, molecular diagnosis was conducted using ImmunoCAPTM ISAC® 112 to recombinant and/or purified allergen components.


Results: A total of 109 patients were included; 35 (32.1%) were pediatric patients and 74 (67.9%) were adolescents or young adults (mean age: 18 years), with 58.0% being females. A change of 51.0% was observed in SIT prescription following molecular etiological diagnosis by means of a multi-parameter microarray.


Conclusions: Molecular diagnosis by means of multi-parameter tests increases the accuracy of etiological diagnosis and helps to define an accurate composition of SIT.

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